When talking about social stratification, this refers to inequality among different groups of people. Inequalities exist in all societies and cultures. Communities are in line with laws that are hierarchical.
Four basic communication systems are:
Stratification systems slavery, caste and estate have been abolished in modern societies except for several tribes.
The main category system is mainly a description of how little resources (wealth, income, education and jobs) are distributed in society. In other words, clusters can be explained as an indication of the position a person can have in society, a position that is not equal. So, to analyze articles in the community, it is necessary to explain how these resources are distributed and make social classes.
Despite the fact that some scholars argue that in developed countries, inequality has declined rather than previous societies, social stratification, inequality, and class struggles are on the rise today. In the US The inequality between the rich and the poor has increased to the extent that the gap between them is greater than any point in the past 75 years. The United States has the largest wealth reduction in any industrial world in the world, and this difference is growing bigger each year.
In the United States, income is obviously one of the most important scarce resources. Obviously, it is employment that provides income and that is education that determines what kind of profession. At a higher level, income is related to the consequences of life, such as the quality and quantity of education, healthcare and housing that you get, and even how long you live. Then there is a connection between access to each of these sources.
in the United States, individual income is dependent on educational characteristics; In 2005, most of them had a PhD and professional degrees in the top 15% of the income earners. Those who had a Master's degree had an important bearing on the national event and people with a university degree had less income.
A prominent point is that while the US population is becoming increasingly educated at all levels, there is a prominent link between income and study.
Another point is that university education is rarely free; Education in elite universities for a four-year program costs 120,000 kr. Although public universities and universities cost far less than they are not free. Grants and low interest rates by government and universities are also available, but the cost of education is high for many.
Normally, education serves as one of the most important party groups in most Americans, directly related to income and jobs.
On the one hand, work experience is recognition of education, personal or family income and, on the other hand, defines access to other resources, including income and health.
Labor costs are related to those with less education. Employees in these fields are unskilled because it does not require education to do these jobs. But, white collar jobs require more manpower, skills and knowledge, and therefore produce higher incomes. With higher education, one is more likely to be able to work on a professional job where he or she can get a higher salary. Therefore, those with lower education are more likely to work in the minimum wage.
Each particular job affects the lifestyle; income and opinion derived from work determines the living environment, any food, medical care, social networking, entertainment, leisure time and behavior.
It is education that makes the upper middle, middle and lower the middle of the work field; unskilled workers, employees with fewer than seven years of age, university teachers, university teachers, licentiate, MS owners, professionals and PhD graduates located at different levels of employment. So when all jobs and positions in the community are not determined by work, the job share is one of the most important factors in the US.
Another feature that determines individuals & # 39; The position in the community is blank. Wealth is what people own, such as houses, cars, stocks, stocks, money, and countries.
Although the United States is another county in the world, the distribution of wealth is too unfair. The top 1% of the population had 38% of the assets, 10% of the population had 71% of the assets and, on the other hand, 40% had less than 1% of the nation's assets.
The core distribution of wealth is much more unequal than the distribution of income (what people get a year after working).
According to these fundamental factors (income, wealth, employment and education) that determine the social grade of individuals and households, Americans believe in a three-species model that includes rich, middle class and the poor, but in fact the American community is more diverse, economical and sociologically. This means that there is no clear category of disagreement between socio-economic laws.
The most important term in stratification classification is social mobility. In teaching systems, social stratification based on both birth and individual success; personal merit becomes more important. Real-life companies are actually moving towards a meritocracy, and in such communities, status relationships are lower than in other societies. As societies become more competitive and more meritocratic, such as energy, social skills, nature, ambition, physical attraction, talent and luck, they play a major role in social mobility and social change.
Now the question is, "how much mobile Americans have experienced in their lives?"
Social mobility refers to changes in social status that occur during life. There are two ways to learn social mobility; Mobility between races and mobility between generations.
The first term refers to up and down movement in the social ladder and to another that we refer to up and down movements in the social hierarchy as compared to the previous generation.
In order to explain employment mobility, the emphasis is mainly on the fetus child or the maintenance disorder in the business community.
If we know of six general industries, including senior experts or executives, lower professional or workforce, self-employed, technical or talented business ministers, prayers, unskilled workers, and US servants are among men born after 1950, 32 percent men were unchanged (their jobs were in the same category as their father), 37 percent were up and 32 percent were down on mobile. About women, data show that 27 percent were unchanged, 46 percent were on mobile phones and 28 percent were down on mobile phones. Then, in mobility mobility, it was more common than mobility, and comparison with other industrialized employment services in the United States is quite high.
According to studies, it was estimated that intergenerational (IGE) income between fathers and infants was 0.4 or higher. Totally true parenting relationship & # 39; and children's income is high.
Wealth mobility is completely different from the occupational and income thresholds; Initially, wealth is important because its distribution is unequal but the distribution of income and, on the other, affects other aspects of the family, especially homeowners and child raising investments. There is also considerable transnational perseverance in family therapy and correlation is close to 0.50. Inconsistencies in resources are between generations. Thus, people who have no property available opportunities. For example, a legacy can put families in better neighborhoods and school districts, but they could afford if they had to rely only on their arrival.
The social category in the United States affects individual success, as I said. Employees, levels of education and income can be earned and increased over time, yet it is undeniable that riches have more money, more education, better work, better health, and more.
As a conclusion, we should say that without the notion of social law, people's behavior cannot be understood because the social bench determines every aspect of our life …. our happiness, our religious beliefs, our customs, our interests, and our health interests and even how long we will live and our total lifestyle.